A&O – DEEP – ECOLOGY (06-05-2017)




Every living thing is a sort of imperialist, seeking to transform as much as possible of its environment into itself… When we compare the (present) human population of the globe with… that of former times, we see that “chemical imperialism” has been… the main end to which human intelligence has been devoted.  (Bertrand Russell, 1960)

The INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY of BEHAVIOR involves the coordinated activities of four broad areas (as biologists study them): DEVELOPMENT, ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION, and PHYSIOLOGY and how they are brought to bear on BEHAVIOR (“DEEP ETHOLOGY”

ECOLOGY  is concerned with the environment in which an organism finds itself and with which it must cope to mee its BIOILOGICAL NEEDS.


modification.  [see the DEEP ETHOLOGY GLOSSARY entry for EPIGENESIS also DEEP ETHOLOGY NOTES for epigenesis].


(an aside about TRAITS:  The organism possesses millions of trait, hierarchically organized and more-or-less interconnected.  They are the “manifest morphological or behavioral attributes of an organism.” A trait can be observed, described, and defined at every level of organization from the biochemical and physiological to social and biomic.   As a variable attribute in the life of the organism, it presents itself to the vagaries of the environment–directly or indirectly–and its success in coping–that is enabling the organism to meet its biological NEEDS in a given environment–will determine the fate of the organism,  See the DEEP ETHOLOGY GLOSSARY entry for TRAITS