A&O – PERCEPTION – INTEGRATIVE and REDUCTIONIST PERSPECTIVES   

ART & ORGANISM

notes on

INTEGRATIVE and REDUCTIONIST PERSPECTIVES   

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IN the ethological ideal of JANUSAN THINKING, we pursue the seeming alternative or even opposing percepts that are reflected in familiar expressions such as “One cannot see the forest for the trees.” (Simultanagnosia?) or “… the trees for the forest”  (Related to “seeing the big picture” or “having a bird’s-eye view”  or “getting the gist” or “having a grand scheme or overview“)

WE COPE with competing percepts by creating MULTISTABLE PERCEPTIONS.   DEEP ETHOLOGY: Read Carter et al (2020) about how ambiguous or competing percepts are reconciled in perceptual rivalry in diverse species[i]

 

CO-CONSTITUTING dyads in perception and conception that likely share significant core elements have been often identified more-or-less significantly in many fields, for example:

 

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IN the ethological ideal of JANUSAN THINKING, we pursue the seeming alternative or even opposing percepts

? What is: Simultanagnosia? (“a condition where an individual may see individual details of a complex scene but fails to grasp the overall meaning.” BUT it has interesting neurological connections (Wikipedia on similtanagnosia)

We do not need to so a whole to make a strong inference as to the reality of parts unseen (dark matter? dark energy?)… For the everyday implementation of that idea see “Perceiving but not Seeing Whole” in a Cycleback blog by David Rudd

 

GENERALITIES AND PARTICULARS IN LITERATURE:

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT of part/whole relationship?  Look at an article in Child Development (Vol. 35, No. 1 (Mar., 1964), pp. 81-90): Studies in Perceptual Development: II. Part-Whole Perception by David Elkind, Ronald R. Koegler and Elsie Go  ( DOI 10.2307/1126573 ; Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/1126573)  

Abstract. One hundred and ninety-five children from 4 to 9 years of age were tested for their ability to perceive both parts and wholes in drawings wherein both parts and wholes had independent meanings. Results showed (a) regular increase with age in ability to perceive part and whole, (b) parts perceived at an earlier age than wholes, and (c) part and whole integration present in a majority (75 per cent) of children by age 9. The results were interpreted from the standpoint of Piaget’s genetic theory of perception.

 

 

 

NEXUS


[i] Olivia Carter, Bruno van Swinderen, David A. Leopold, Shaun P. Collin, Alexander Maier (2020) Perceptual rivalry across animal species.   J Compar Neurol   First published: 03 May 2020.  https://doi.org/10.1002/cne.24939