AS WE READ in the notes on LEARNING, MEMORY is essential:

“OF COURSE we LEARN to meet NEEDS …  but we acquire new information all the time and sometime pursue it voraciously (we are INFOVORES) and can derive great pleasure therefrom.  Arguably, our reservoir of knowledge will be useful in meeting needs that we have not yet confronted.  (A hierarchy of needs developed to explain motivation can be adapted to clarify priorities of  urgency in an evolutionary sense: read about NEEDS)”

INPUT–INTEGRATION–OUTPUT is the essential, irreducible, path information and other resources that organisms must take to preserve themselves in a dynamic environment   

MEMORY: the retention of more-or-less past experience –from cells to organisms to cultures … BUT in organisms there is A surprising link between imagination and memory   

But let’s return to basics for a minute: 

MEMORY is the essence of COGNITION:  (“MEMORY,  needless to  say,  is  critical  to  cognition.  Without memory, present circumstances have no context; the detection of change is impossible. Without the ability to detect change, the decision to alter behavior can only be random, haphazard. Without  memory,  learning  of  any  kind  is  impossible.  While cognitive scientists now accept that discoveries concerning the molecular basis of memory in the marine invertebrate Aplysia are relevant to the study of human memory (Kandel, 2006), they (to say nothing of microbiologists) have yet to connect the dots with memory processes in prokaryotes.”


  • “USELESS ATTRACTOR” is a nickname for a focus which in itself has no particular meaning and with no previously obvious connections that suddenly triggers a redintegrative cascade of otherwise apparently unconnected and otherwise useless snips of knowledge. The cascade (and we can here apply the metaphor “angle of repose“–particularly as it applies to an avalanche) may have had a coherent outcome suddenly glimpsed or intuited. 
    • (Attractor [xv] is a convenient but not precise metaphor).  The coherence may only be apparent OR TOT (“tip of the tongue phenomenon”) OR FOK (“feeling of knowing phenomenon”). I often feel that a very important solution to a problem is (as Franz Wright put it once, a “Radiantly obvious thing I need to say, though quite what that might be escapes me at the moment, as it always has, and always will.”)
    • Synecdoche and redintegration—trigger experience, the attractor of hidden dreams, infusing previous experience with new meaning and putting it in the service of coherence, validating a new realization[xii]—all things are connected—
    • “not quite memory(?):  tip-of-tongue—Feeling of Knowing–  INTUITION    Intuition presentation
  • Where memory fails we FILL IN: extrapolation[xiii] and interpolation